Dr. Ingo Wandelt
Dr. Ingo Wandelt studied social anthropology, malaiology and South-East Asia Sciences at the Universities of Cologne and Frankfurt am Main. His dissertation on the Pancasila and New Order Indonesian political education brought him into contact with military issues. He was able to continue his work on the Indonesian military at the Bundessprachenamt (Federal Language Office), where he trains German military diplomatic personnel in the Indonesian and Malay languages for their tasks in Indonesia and Malaysia. Since the fall of the New Order he frequently publishes on Indonesian military affairs.
Vortragsthema: The Indonesian military in 2004:
Fragmentation, resurgence of political power,
and new players on the horizon.
Indonesia's national security policy after two years of Megawati Sukarnoputri's government offers a rather chequered picture. She managed to reigned in the once almighty military in that she initiated an institutional diversification which handed more powers to the Police, the Ministry of Defence and the national intelligence Agency BIN. But she virtually let the military reign supreme in internal security affairs like defence and operations against separatism, which only worsened the military's fractured internal situation. A weak army leadership, the failed "Integrated Operation" in Aceh, internal corruption and violence, and more obvious tendencies of privatization of security leave the numerous problems for a real security sector reform unresolved.
The military's political resurgence witnessed over the course of the national elections throws the spotlight on the role of their retired generals, the purnawirawan, who act as kingmakers for future kings recruited and guided for high political offices. Civil-military relations need to be reassessed to include the military's social networks inside civil society hidden from view.
The immediate future of the military will be shaped by a new commander's elite consisting of officers and generals educated and shaped by the early New Order regime. Thirty years after young officers left the military academy to pursue their military careers, their brightest heads they now emerge as the top commanders and, in the case of Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, as presidential candidate. What can the young Indonesian democracy expect from a new generation of military leaders who only experienced the New Order?
Literatur zum Thema
KINGSBURY, Damien: Power, Politics and the Indonesian Military, Routledge Curzon, London, S. 6-36. Passauer Signatur: 55/RR 60983 K55 P8.
- WANDELT, Ingo: Die Hüter des Waffen- und Gewaltmonopols. Die Machthaber in Indoensien sind klar die Militärs, in: Südostasien, Jg. 18, Nr.4, Dezember 2002,
Ders.: Die Kinder Suhartos übernehmen die Macht. Der schleichende
Generationenwechsel im Militär Indonesiens, in: Indonesien-informationen, Nr. 1 04, S. 35-44.